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Perigueux region 

If you walk up the hill from La Cité you'll come to Cathedrale St-Front which proved to be a trial run for architect Abadie who later went onto design the Sacré-Coeur in Paris.  Medieval and Renaissance architecture also includes the Maison Estignard, no 3 rue Limogeanne and the Maison du Patisser at place St-Louis.


La Cité, once a pivotal Gallo-Roman site of Vesunna, is also worth a foray.  Although this is largely a residential area you'll still see vestiges of the Roman amphitheatre, a temple and the 12th century Eglise St-Etienne.


Perigueux is the capital of the Dordogne and serves as a great base for exploring the surrounding area.  The medieval part of the town comes alive on Wednesdays and Saturdays when local artisans display their first-class produce including assorted cured meats, truffles, foie-gras and pies or 'pates de Perigueux'.


Founded over two thousand years ago, Périgueux, préfecture or capital city of the Dordogne, is a gracious blend of ancient and modern.
The history of the city of Périgueux began when four Celtic tribes merged to become the Petrucores. They settled on the hills overlooking the river (l’Isle) until they were overpowered by the Romans.
The Gallo‑Roman remains show how magnificent the town would have been in the 1st and 2nd centuries, the Romans having built in the valley Vesunna, an imposing city (between 15 and 20000 inhabitants), which, in the 3rd century, was enclosed by a defensive surrounding wall.
In the 4th century, Vesunna which was but a small town was named after its people “Civitas Petrocoriorum”. The town was no longer prosperous during the Dark Ages. In the 9th century, it withstood the attacks of the Normans several times thanks to its thick defensive surrounding wall.
From the 10th century on, the birth of another town gave new impetus to the valley. As a matter of fact, a chapel and a monastery were built outside the walls were the tomb of the apostle of the Périgord, whose name was Saint-Front, had been erected and which attracted a lot of pilgrims.

Merchants, artisans who wanted to get rich traded with the clerics and travellers and settled down nearby. This population gave birth to the “Bourg du Puy Saint-Front”. In the 13th century, the new town expanded and was surrounded by a wall in a U-shape, a 1.6 km long with 28 towers and 12 gates.
In 1240, in the reign of Saint-Louis, the City and the “Bourg” met and formed one city called Périgueux. For centuries, Périgueux, protected by its defensive wall, remained unchanged. But from the 18th century on, the city began developing. Beyond the wall a modern city appeared and in 1790 it became the “préfecture” of the “département de la Dordogne”.
In the 19th century, the number of inhabitants increased a lot and the city spread along the river Isle as it used to be in the 2nd century. But it is only when the rail went through Périgueux in 1856 that the city really expanded (5700 inhabitants in 1801, 13000 inhabitants in 1850, 31300 in 1890).

In the 20th century, “Great Périgueux” developed through the neighbouring villages, going past the loop of the river Isle. “Great Périgueux” is composed of 9 “communes” and has, according to the population census made in 1999, about 65000 inhabitants whereas Périgueux itself has about 32500 inhabitants


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